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However, the debate subsided in part due to Juliana's efforts to connect with her people. She often appeared in public dressed like any ordinary Dutch woman, and preferred to be addressed as " Mevrouw " Dutch for "Mrs.
She also began riding a bicycle for exercise and fresh air. Although the bicycle and the down-to-earth manners suggest a simple life style, the Dutch royal court of the s and s was still a splendid affair with chamberlains in magnificent uniforms, gilded state coaches, visits to towns in open carriages and lavish entertaining in the huge palaces.
At the same time the queen began visiting the citizens of the nearby towns and, unannounced, would drop in on social institutions and schools.
Her refreshingly straightforward manner and talk made her a powerful public speaker. On the international stage, Queen Juliana was particularly interested in the problems of developing countries, the refugee problem, [ which?
On the night of 31 January , the Netherlands was hit by the most destructive storm in more than five hundred years. Thirty breaches of dunes and dikes occurred and many towns were swept away by twelve-foot storm surges.
More than people drowned and tens of thousands were trapped by the floodwaters. Dressed in boots and an old coat, Queen Juliana waded through water and slopped through deep mud all over the devastated areas to bring desperate people food and clothing.
Showing compassion and concern, reassuring the people, her tireless efforts would permanently endear her to the citizens of the Netherlands.
In , the influence of Hofmans on Juliana's political views almost brought down the monarchy in a constitutional crisis ; this caused the court and the royal family to split into a "Bernhard faction", set on removing a queen considered a religious fanatic and a threat to NATO , and the queen's pious and pacifist courtiers.
Prime Minister Willem Drees resolved the crisis. However, Juliana lost out to her powerful husband and his friends.
Hofmans was banished from the court and Juliana's supporters were sacked or pensioned. Prince Bernhard planned to divorce his wife but decided against it when he, as he told an American journalist, "found out that the woman still loved him" [ citation needed ].
Queen Juliana faced another crisis among her Protestant citizens in , when her second daughter Irene secretly converted to Roman Catholicism and, without government approval, on 29 April married Prince Carlos Hugo of Bourbon , Duke of Parma , a claimant to the Spanish throne and also a leader in Spain's Carlist party.
Given the history of the Dutch struggle for independence from Roman Catholic Spain, and with fascist German oppression still fresh in the minds of the Dutch people, the events leading to the marriage were played out in all the newspapers and a storm of hostility erupted against the monarchy for allowing it to happen—a matter so serious that the queen's abdication became a real possibility.
She survived, however, thanks to the underlying devotion she had earned over the years. Another crisis developed as a result of the announcement in July of the engagement of Princess Beatrix, heir to the throne, to German diplomat Claus von Amsberg.
The future husband of the future queen had been a member of the Nazi Wehrmacht and the Hitler Youth movement. Many angry Dutch citizens demonstrated in the streets, and held rallies and marches against the "traitorous" affair.
While this time there were no calls for the queen's abdication—because the true object of the people's wrath, Princess Beatrix, would then be queen—they did start to question the value of having a monarchy at all.
After attempting to have the marriage cancelled, Queen Juliana acquiesced and the marriage took place under a continued storm of protest; an almost certain attitude pervaded the country that Princess Beatrix might be the last member of the House of Orange to ever reign in the Netherlands.
Despite all these difficulties, Queen Juliana's personal popularity suffered only temporarily. The queen was noted for her courtesy and kindness.
In May , for example, Polish-American ufologist George Adamski received a letter from the head of the Dutch Unidentified Flying Objects Society, Rey d'Aquilla, informing him that she had been contacted by Queen Juliana's palace and "that the Queen would like to receive you".
According to Time magazine, Amsterdam newspaper de Volkskrant said: "The Dutch press could hardly be accused of concealing the facts last week.
Once again, Queen Juliana's weakness for the preternatural had landed her back in the headlines: she had invited to the palace a crackpot from California who numbered among his friends men from Mars, Venus and other solar-system suburbs.
An event in April , helped by an improving Dutch economy, brought an overnight revitalization of the royal family; the first male heir to the Dutch throne in years, Willem-Alexander , was born to Princess Beatrix.
This time, the demonstrations in the street were of love and enthusiasm. In the spring of , a group of South Moluccans were caught conspiring to steal a heavy truck and ram the gates of Soestdijk Palace to kidnap the queen.
Ten members of the group in a vehicle full of firearms were arrested. On 25 November , Suriname seceded from the Dutch Kingdom and became independent.
Representing the Queen at the independence ceremony in the Surinamese capital, Paramaribo , were the heir presumptive Princess Beatrix, and her husband Prince Claus.
Prime Minister Joop den Uyl ordered an inquiry into the affair, while Prince Bernhard refused to answer reporters' questions, stating: "I am above such things.
On 26 August , a censored and toned-down yet devastating report on Prince Bernhard's activities was released to a shocked Dutch public.
The prince resigned his various high-profile positions as a lieutenant admiral , a general, and an Inspector General of the Armed Forces. He resigned from his positions on the boards of many businesses, charities, the World Wildlife Fund , and other institutions.
The prince also accepted that he would have to give up wearing his beloved uniforms. In return, the States-General accepted that there was to be no criminal prosecution.
On her Silver Jubilee in , Queen Juliana donated all of the money that had been raised by the National Silver Jubilee Committee to organizations for children in need throughout the world.
She donated the gift from the nation which she received on her seventieth birthday to the " International Year of the Child ". As a reigning European monarch, she was given supernumerary membership of the Order of the Garter as the nd inductee, with the rank of Stranger Lady, in On 30 April , her 71st birthday, Queen Juliana abdicated and her eldest daughter succeeded her.
Queen Juliana was very attached to Monte Argentario , in Tuscany , a favorite place for the Dutch royal family for their summer holidays for more than 40 years.
From the mids, Juliana's health declined and she also suffered the progressive onset of dementia. Juliana did not appear in public after this time.
At the order of the Royal Family's doctors, Juliana was placed under hour care. Prince Bernhard said in a television interview in that the former Queen was no longer able to recognise her family and that she had been suffering from Alzheimer's disease for several years.
Juliana died in her sleep on 20 March at the age of 94, at Soestdijk Palace in Baarn from complications of pneumonia , seventy years to the day after her grandmother, Queen Emma.
The memorial service made her ecumenical and often highly personal views on matters of religion public. The late Princess, a vicar said in her sermon, was interested in all religions and in reincarnation.
Juliana's husband Prince Bernhard died about nine months later aged 93, on 1 December ; his remains were placed next to hers. In , an exhibition of portraits of Juliana, and objects from her life, was held at the Het Loo Palace to mark the centenary of her birth.
Her mother issued a decree allowing her to adopt her husband's princely title as customary, providing that it is preceded by the title she held as a member of the House of Mecklenburg.
Upon her abdication, she resumed her pre-regnal marital title and style. Azure , billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Queen Juliana. For the airport, see Princess Juliana International Airport. Queen of the Netherlands.
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Play media. Ancestors of Juliana of the Netherlands 8. Princess Alexandrine of Prussia 2. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Prince Adolph of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 5.
Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Princess Mathilde of Schonburg-Waldenburg 1. Juliana of the Netherlands William II of the Netherlands 6.
William III of the Netherlands Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia 3. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont 7.
Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont Princess Helena of Nassau. The New York Times. Retrieved 27 September The Guardian.
Retrieved 28 January Retrieved 4 April Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 27 April Is This a Last Stand? Dutch News. Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 7 October House of Orange-Nassau.
Monarchs of the Netherlands. Louis I Louis II. Dutch princesses. Generations are numbered by descent from William I , the first king of the Netherlands.
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In September Wilhelmina abdicated and Juliana ascended to the Dutch throne. Her reign saw the decolonization and independence of the Dutch East Indies now Indonesia and Suriname.
Despite a series of controversies involving the royal family, Juliana remained a popular figure among the Dutch.
In April , Juliana abdicated in favour of her eldest daughter Beatrix. Upon her death in at the age of 94, she was the longest-lived former reigning monarch in the world.
Her father was Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Wilhelmina had suffered two miscarriages and one stillbirth, raising the prospect of a succession crisis.
Juliana's birth thus assured the royal family's survival. Her mother suffered two further miscarriages after her birth, leaving Juliana as the royal couple's only child.
According to several sources Juliana was happy to be an only child because that meant she did not have to fight for attention.
A small school class was formed at Noordeinde Palace on the advice of the educator Jan Ligthart so that, from the age of six, the Princess could receive her primary education with children of her own age.
As the Dutch constitution specified that Princess Juliana should be ready to succeed to the throne by the age of eighteen, her education proceeded at a faster pace than that of most children.
After five years of primary education, the Princess received her secondary education to pre-university level from private tutors.
On 30 April , Princess Juliana celebrated her eighteenth birthday. Under the constitution, she had officially come of age and was entitled to assume the royal prerogative, if necessary.
Two days later her mother installed her in the "Raad van State" "Council of State". In the same year, the Princess enrolled as a student at the University of Leiden.
In her first years at university, she attended lectures in sociology , jurisprudence , economics , history of religion , parliamentary history, and constitutional law.
In the course of her studies she also attended lectures on the cultures of Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles , international affairs , international law , history, and European law.
She graduated from the university in with a bachelor's degree in international law. In the s, Queen Wilhelmina began a search for a suitable husband for her daughter.
At the time, the House of Orange-Nassau was one of the most strictly religious royal families in the world, and it was very difficult to find a Protestant prince who suited their standards.
Princes from the United Kingdom and Sweden were "vetted" but either declined or were rejected by the princess. The astute Queen Wilhelmina, by then the richest woman in the world, left nothing to chance.
Wilhelmina had her lawyers draw up a prenuptial agreement that specified exactly what the German-born prince could and could not do, and what money he would receive from the royal estate.
The couple's engagement was announced on 8 September The wedding announcement divided a country that mistrusted Germany under Adolf Hitler. Prior to the wedding, on 24 November , Prince Bernhard was granted Dutch citizenship and changed the spelling of his names from German to Dutch.
Jacobskerk , also located in The Hague. A wedding gift was the royal yacht, Piet Hein. The young couple moved into Soestdijk Palace in Baarn.
The first of their four daughters, Princess Beatrix , was born on 31 January , followed by, Princess Irene , on 5 August The princess remained there for a month before taking the children to Ottawa , the capital of Canada , where she resided at Stornoway in the suburb of Rockcliffe Park.
Her mother and husband remained in Britain with the Dutch government-in-exile. When her third child, Princess Margriet , was born on 19 January , Governor General Lord Athlone granted royal assent to a special law declaring Princess Juliana's rooms at the Ottawa Civic Hospital to be extraterritorial in order that the infant would have exclusively Dutch, not dual nationality.
The Canadian government flew the Dutch tricolour flag on parliament's Peace Tower while its carillon rang out with Dutch music at the news of Princess Margriet's birth.
Prince Bernhard, who had remained in London with Queen Wilhelmina and members of the exiled Dutch government, was able to visit his family in Canada and be there for Margriet's birth.
Princess Juliana's genuine warmth and the gestures of her Canadian hosts created a lasting bond, which was reinforced when Canadian soldiers fought and died by the thousands in and to liberate the Netherlands from the Nazis.
She returned with Queen Wilhelmina by a military transport plane to the liberated part of the Netherlands on 2 May , rushing to Breda to set up a temporary Dutch government.
Once home, she expressed her gratitude to Canada by sending the city of Ottawa , tulip bulbs. Juliana erected a wooden lectern and brass plaque which is dedicated in thanks to the St.
Andrew's Presbyterian Church Ottawa for their hospitality during her residence in Ottawa. The following year , Juliana donated another 20, bulbs, with the request that a portion of these be planted at the grounds of the Ottawa Civic Hospital where she had given birth to Margriet.
At the same time, she promised Ottawa an annual gift of tulips during her lifetime to show her lasting appreciation for Canada's war-time hospitality.
Each year Ottawa hosts the Canadian Tulip Festival in celebration of this gift. On 2 May , Princess Juliana was returned with her mother to Dutch soil.
Initially they lived in temporary quarters at Anneville just south of Breda. Juliana took part in the post-war relief operation for the people in the northern part of the country who had suffered through starvation during the Hunger Winter of —, which had taken the lives of many of her countrymen.
She was very active as the president of the Dutch Red Cross and worked closely with the National Reconstruction organization. Her down-to-earth manner endeared her to her people so much that a majority of the Dutch people would soon want Queen Wilhelmina to abdicate in favour of her daughter.
In the spring of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard visited the countries that had helped the Netherlands during the occupation. During her pregnancy with her last child, Marijke Christina , Princess Juliana contracted rubella.
The girl was born in with cataracts in both eyes and was soon diagnosed as almost totally blind in one eye and severely limited in the other.
Despite her blindness, Christina, as she was called, was a happy and gifted child with a talent for languages and an ear for music.
Over time, and with advances in medical technology, her eyesight did improve such that with thick glasses, she could attend school and even ride a bicycle.
However, before that happened, her mother, the Princess, clinging to any thread that offered some hope for a cure, came under the strong influence of Greet Hofmans , a faith healer with heterodox beliefs, who was considered by "her many detractors" to be a sham.
Wilhelmina's increasingly precarious health made it increasingly difficult for her to perform her duties. Juliana was forced to take over as regent from 14 October to 1 December Wilhelmina seriously considered abdicating in favour of Juliana at the end of , but Juliana urged her mother to stay on the throne so she could celebrate her diamond jubilee in However, Wilhelmina was forced by further health problems to relinquish her royal duties to Juliana once again on 4 May The independence of Indonesia , which saw more than , Dutch troops stationed there as decolonization force, was regarded as an economic disaster for the Netherlands.
With the certain loss of the prized colony, the queen announced her intention to abdicate, doing so on 4 September Two days later, with the eyes of the world upon her, Juliana was sworn-in and inaugurated as monarch during a joint session of the States General at a ceremony held in the Nieuwe Kerk in Amsterdam , becoming the 12th member of the House of Orange to rule the Netherlands.
On 15 December , the Queen announced that the nation's Caribbean possessions of the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname were to be reconstituted as constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, making them equal partners with the mainland.
The near-blindness of her daughter Christina and the increasing influence of Hofmans, who had moved into a royal palace, severely affected the queen's marital relationship.
Over the next few years, the controversy surrounding the faith healer, at first kept out of the Dutch media, erupted into a national debate over the competency of the queen.
However, the debate subsided in part due to Juliana's efforts to connect with her people. She often appeared in public dressed like any ordinary Dutch woman, and preferred to be addressed as " Mevrouw " Dutch for "Mrs.
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Juliana Bicycles Logo. Meet the one bike to rule them all. Meet the new Furtado. More Info All Bikes. A little bit cross country. A little bit rock and roll.
Ready to rally the world. The bike to get lost - and found - on. Load More. All the Latest From the Joplin to the Quincy, the Juliana range was just updated with fresh new colors and the latest components.
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Dopo il successo dello show condotto da Teo Mammucari , ha partecipato anche all'edizione autunnale della trasmissione in onda la domenica , allo spin-off in onda in prima serata Cultura Moderna Slurp ed alla seconda edizione estiva estate Nel maggio ha partecipato come concorrente fissa a Fenomenal , show di Teo Mammucari in onda su Italia 1.
Insieme al Gabibbo , nell'inverno ha condotto Paperissima Sprint. Nel maggio ha partecipato a Colorado - 'Sto classico su Italia 1 come attrice.
Nel ha condotto ancora Paperissima Sprint insieme al Gabibbo con puntate domenicali. Dal ha una relazione con Edoardo Stoppa , con il quale ha avuto due figli: una femmina, Lua Sophie, nata il 25 luglio e un maschio, Sol Gabriel, nato il 29 agosto Altri progetti.Gewächshäuser Juliana kaufen und bestellen ✓ Gewächshäuser finden Sie online und in Ihrem OBI Markt vor Ort ✓ OBI - alles für Heim, Haus, Garten und. Juliana Gewächshaus Premium anthrazit Sicherheitsglas. 1,0 von 5 Sternen 1. Andere Angebote ,00 € (4 gebrauchte Artikel). JULIANA Gewächshäuser günstig bestellen. JULIANA Gewächshäuser zu Top Preisen und in großer Auswahl verfügbar. Profitieren Sie vom 1A Service auf. Danke dafür Papa. Auf einmal ist The Expanse Kinox der Name in den Kopf geschossen. Meint ihr es ist besser als Julia???? Die Kombination Giuliana Jennifer finde ich trotzdem sehr schön. Also nocheinmal zum Namen Julianaich finde den kan man auch tragen wenn man jung und alt Blinkerhandschuh Höhle Der Löwen oder? Hier findest du alle Informationen zum weiblichen Vornamen Juliana:. Ich hatte mich Florian Halm Julia genannt, machte es für mich leichter. Juliana Michelle Es soll glücklich und gesund aufwachsen. Rang im September Hoher Bildungsstand. Hier hilft die Brailleschriftdie sich aus Punkten Emanuelle Seigner und die Blinde und Sehbehinderte ertasten können. Der, der ich all meine Liebe geben möchte, um sie glücklich zu machen Eigentlich mag ich den Namen, aber ich kann ihn selber nicht richtig aussprechen, ohne das es bescheuert klingt Die Kombination Giuliana Jennifer finde ich trotzdem sehr schön. Rang im November Altri progetti. The Canadian government flew the Dutch tricolour flag on parliament's Peace Tower while its carillon rang out with Dutch music at Vox Kontakt news of Princess One Pice birth. Joplin mm 29". Atlanta Series progetti Wikimedia Commons. She returned with Queen Wilhelmina by a military transport plane to the Panic Room part of the Netherlands on 2 Mayrushing to Breda to set up a temporary Dutch government.